The word “angel,” spelled “angelus” in Latin and “aggelos” in Greek, means “one going” or “one sent” in Hebrew. It is a reference to a “messenger.”
Why do some religions reject the Catholic belief in Guardian Angels? Why do such religions say that this belief was imported into the Catholic faith from the beliefs of the pagan Assyrians and Babylonians?
In order to answer those questions, it is necessary to make reference to a little bit of history. It is common knowledge that the Holy Bible contains many references to angels, these appearing to man from time to time in human form.
The belief of the Assyrians and Babylonians was a belief in statues of winged animals with human heads. These statues abundantly decorated the Assyrian palaces. These pagan “guardian angels,” called “Lamasu” have been traced to 2,000 B.C. There is no doubt that they existed because archeological diggings have found proof that the belief in some kind of angels extended to the Assyrians and Semites of Babylonia.
But does this mean that because the Assyrians and Babylonians believed in guardian angel statues of animals with human heads that the Catholics have imported their belief of guardian angels from them? Certainly not?
The belief regarding angels in human form, not animal form, can be traced throughout the history of the Holy Bible. It is a belief that goes further back in history than the existence of the Assyrian and Babylonian societies. In fact, evidence appears to be that the pagan societies stole the belief of angels from the Jewish people, God’s chosen people. They made animals statues with wings and human heads to represent their interpretation of guardian angels, or messengers that were found in the Holy Scriptures.
While all the aforementioned are really references to angels, where does the origin of “guardian” angels come from? It comes from the Gospel of Matthew where Jesus said, “Take care that you do not despise one of these little ones; for, I tell you, in heaven their angels continually see the face of my Father in heaven.” [Mt. 18:10] Jesus revealed to mankind that everyone has a guardian angels.
Saint Jerome expanded on this matter in his commentary when he said, "The dignity of a soul is so great, that each has a guardian angel from its birth."
In the Catechism of the Catholic Church, we read, “From infancy to death human life is surrounded by their watchful care and intercession. Beside each believer stands an angel as protector and shepherd leading him to life. Already here on earth the Christian life shares by faith in the blessed company of angels and men united in God.” [Catechism of the Catholic Church # 336]
In conclusion, the Catholic belief in guardian angels is in total agreement with the Holy Bible, more specifically, with the Words of Jesus. Such a belief was not adopted from pagan societies.