1. Few people realize the full extent of the presence and actions of the Holy Spirit as revealed in creation, the Church as the Body of Christ, in the Christian life, in the Sacraments or even in the Names and Symbols of the Holy Spirit. This course serves the purpose of opening the eyes of the readers so they may perceive these great truths. It will arouse the awareness of the Christians to encourage them to continue their search for the knowledge, understanding and wisdom of the Holy Spirit, He Who stirs the love within the human heart.
2. While it is the deepest desire of the author to write all what can be said about the Holy Spirit, this cannot be done in this short text. It would take too many books to write all what could be said.
3. From the Book of Psalms in the Old Testament, it is learned that the Holy Spirit and Jesus were involved in creation. "By the Word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all their host by the breath of His mouth. [Ps. 33:6] The Holy Spirit is the Giver of life to all creation. "When You send forth Your Spirit (or Your breath), they are created: and You renew the face of the ground." [Ps. 104:30] While the New Testament reveals the presence of the Word at creation [Jn. 1:1], it is the Old Testament that reveals the presence of the Holy Spirit.
4. The Holy Spirit is the first Author of the Holy Scriptures. All Scriptures are divinely inspired. [2 Tim. 3:16] At the same time, the Holy Spirit humbly gives all the credit to God, silently remaining in the background.THE HOLY SPIRIT IN GOD'S WORK OF SALVATION
5. Throughout the Old Testament, in preparation for the Messiah, the joint mission of the Holy Spirit and Christ is implied but remains hidden. Keeping this in mind, when reading the Old Testament, Christians should carefully examine the Holy Scriptures to perceive what is revealed about the Lord Jesus. [Jn. 5:39, 46; Gal. 4:4; 2 Cor. 3:14]HOW THE HOLY SPIRIT WAS REVEALED
6. By the power of the Holy Spirit and the faith of Mary, the Virgin conceived. The Old Testament prophecy of the virgin birth to the Son of God was fulfilled. [Lk. 1:26-38; Rom 4:18-21; Gal. 4:26-8)
7. As the most humble of God's creatures, by the grace of God and the power of the Holy Spirit, Mary was conceived without sin. By the grace of the Holy Spirit, she was prepared, ensuring she was full of grace, prior to having the fullness of the deity dwelling bodily within her. [Zeph. 2:14, 3:14; Lk. 1:46-55; Col. 2:9] This reveals that not only Jesus dwelled within Mary in His bodily form, but also the Father and the Holy Spirit.
8. Mary was the first to be brought into communion with Christ, the humble always being the first to accept Jesus. Then followed Joseph, the shepherds, the magi, Simeon, Anna, the bride and groom at Cana and the first disciples. [Lk. 2:14]
9. The fulfillment of the amazing plan of salvation is manifested as the work of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit from the beginning to the end. All Three were involved.
10. Through the Spirit of God, the Lord Jesus proclaimed the Good News. [Is. 61:1-2; Lk. 4:18-9] Christ implied the existence and Divinity of the Holy Spirit when speaking to Nicodemus, to the Samaritan woman and to those at the feast of Tabernacles. When speaking to His disciples in reference to prayer and witnessing, Jesus openly spoke of the Holy Spirit. [Mt. 10:19-20; Lk. 11:13; Jn. 3:5-8; 4:10, 14, 23-24; 6:27, 51, 62-63; 7:37-39]
11. Prior to His glorification, Jesus promised the coming of the Holy Spirit, the other Paraclete, the Spirit of Truth, Who the Father would send. The Holy Spirit will be known, dwelling among men, remaining with mankind forever. He will teach, reminding all what Christ had said to bear witness to Him. Glorifying Christ, the Holy Spirit would lead the people into all truth, proving the world wrong about sin, righteousness and judgment. [Jn. 14:16-7, 26, 15:26; 16:7-15; 17:26]THE TRINITY
12. On the day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was finally revealed to the world. Since that day, He has continued to reveal Himself to all those who believe in the Kingdom that was announced by Christ. On the day of Pentecost, when Christ gave the Holy Spirit to the disciples, the Holy Spirit was manifested as a Divine Person. [Acts 2:33-6] The Holy Spirit is One of the Three Persons of the Blessed Trinity.
13. Regarding the prophetic texts that refer to the sending of the Holy Spirit, it is said that God will transforms minds, hearts and spirits of the people, engraving a new law in their hearts, gathering and reconciling His scattered and divided people, transforming the first creation and finally, God will dwell among them in peace. On the morning of Pentecost, Saint Peter proclaimed the fulfillment of this promise. [Ezek. 11:19, 36:25-8; 37:1-4; Jer. 31:31-4; Joel 3:1-5; Acts 2:17-21]
14. Conquering death, Christ gave up His Spirit to the Father. Afterwards, Christ breath His Spirit upon His disciples. From that moment, the mission of both, Christ and the Holy Spirit became the mission of the Church, His disciples being sent as the Father had sent Him. [Mt. 28:19; Lk. 24:47-8; Jn. 13:1; 17:1; 19:30; 20:21-2; Acts 1:8; Rom. 6:4]
15. Through the Holy Spirit, the Trinity is revealed. Through the Father, in the name of the Son, the Holy Spirit is sent. Once glorified, sitting by the Father, the Son also sends the Holy Spirit. [Jn. 7:39 14:26, 15:26, 16:14] Through the grace of the Holy Spirit, the faith of the believers is awakened. They perceive the Trinity. They know the Father Who was proclaimed first in the Old Testament, the Son remaining obscure. They know the Son who was revealed in the New Testament, receiving a glimpse of the Holy Spirit. And now they know the Holy Spirit Who was, Who dwells among them today and Who will continue to move for eternity.THE ONENESS OF THE CHURCH
16. As the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are One in the Blessed Trinity, the Church is One. Through the Word [Jesus] Who was made flesh by the power of the Holy Spirit and the grace of the Father, the people is restored and reconciled with God in unity as one holy people.THE HOLY SPIRIT'S JOINT MISSION WITH THE SON
17. In all the actions of the Father regarding His Son Jesus, He always included the Holy Spirit. The mission of the Son and the Spirit are united together, being inseparable.THE HOLY SPIRIT AS THE SOUL OF THE CHURCH
18. As the Christ and Messiah, Jesus is the anointed One of His Father by His incarnation. This truth is supported by the combined mission of Jesus and the Holy Spirit. By the anointing of the Holy Spirit, Jesus is "Christ", meaning the "anointed". The Father and the Son sent the Spirit together to continue the mission of Jesus on earth. This mission that includes the adoption of the children of the Father in the Body of the Son, involves the Holy Spirit uniting them in Christ by having the Christians live in Him. [Jn. 3:34, 7:39, 16:14, 17:22]
19. All three Persons of the Trinity, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are inseparable from each other. They are equal of the same substance, each One being God while there is only One God. Through the work of the Holy Spirit God reveals Himself and communicates to mankind. All what the Father revealed of His Son by His actions through the Holy Spirit served the purpose of helping the Christians to better know the Person of God in order to understand His actions. Through the Holy Spirit, the Christian becomes certain that Christ Who is seen, is the visible image of the invisible God. [Jn. 17:3; Gal. 4:6]
20. The Holy Spirit is the soul of the Church, the Body of Christ. He is with Christ, the Head of the Church, in each member of the Church to unite them, and in the Church as a whole in perfect harmony. In the Body of Christ, the Holy Spirit builds up the Body in charity; forms the Body through Baptism; gives growth and heals its members by the Sacraments; distributes His gifts and is the source of all virtues and special graces. Accordingly, the Church is the Temple of the Holy Spirit. [Acts 20:32; 1 Cor. 3:16-7, 12:13; 2 Cor. 6:16; Eph. 2:21, 4:16]THE HOLY SPIRIT DIRECTS THE CHURCH
21. The Holy Spirit directs the Church in all of her actions with the end goal of proclaiming and firmly establishing the promised Kingdom of God on earth as it is in Heaven. As a gift of Christ, the Holy Spirit builds the Church, animates it and sanctifies it. [2 Cor. 5:6]THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT FOR THE CHURCH GROWTH
22. To continue the work of the Son Who the Father has commanded, the Holy Spirit directs the Church by blessing her with the gifts of the clergy, organized according to rank and authority, and charismatic gifts.THE GIFTS OF CHARISMS
23. Charisms are grace of the Holy Spirit to directly or indirectly benefit and build up the Church, and meet the needs of good men and the world. Charisms, a rich gift for the growth of the Church, are genuine gifts to be used in charity according to the impelling power and authority of the Holy Spirit. [1 Cor. 13:] The shepherds of the Church have an obligation to test all things, including the gifts of charisms, to ensure that such gifts are given by the Holy Spirit and for the common good of the Church. [1 Cor. 12:7]THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE LITURGY
24. In the liturgy [which means 'religious services']of the Church, the Holy Spirit prepares the coming of Christ, recalls the mystery of Christ and makes present the mystery of Christ. The Holy Spirit is present in every liturgical action of the Church, bringing believers in communion with Christ to form His Body.AS THE MAIN AGENT OF THE CHURCH
25. The Holy Spirit is the main agent of the Church, leading it on its missionary paths. This progressive mission is seen in the evangelism of the poor, walking the path of Christ in humility, poverty, servitude and self-sacrifice even to death to rise in the glorious resurrection.
26. The Holy Spirit provides the Christian with the necessary grace to answer his spiritual calling out of free will. Educating the Christians in spiritual freedom, He encourages him to cooperate in His work within the Church and in the world, this being achieved out of free will. By the grace of Christ, in love, the Christian is drawn to inner freedom and peace of heart, enduring the most difficult trials of the world.THE HOLY SPIRIT GIVES FAITH
27. The Holy Spirit awakens the faith of the believer so he may have eternal life by knowing the Father, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, Who the Father has sent. [Jn. 17:3]THE HOLY SPIRIT CONVICTS OF SIN
28. Faith in Jesus Christ cannot be known to men in any other way except by the Spirit of God. It is the Holy Spirit Who reveals that "Jesus is Lord". Nor can the thoughts of God be known to men but to God Himself, these being revealed by the Holy Spirit. [1 Cor. 2:10-1; 12:3]
29. Only by the Holy Spirit can a believer find strength in saying: "Jesus is Lord". [1 Cor. 12:3] By the power of the Holy Spirit, the believer is brought in touch with Jesus, being able to also cry out: "Abba! Father!" [Gal. 4:6]
30. Since the day of Easter, by the grace of the Spirit of God Who is also known as the Comforter, man has been given the Light. The Spirit proved man wrong about sin, this leading to repentance, conversion and sanctification. The Holy Spirit proved that Christ was sent by the Father.THE HOLY SPIRIT DRAWS TO CHRIST
31. Through the grace of the Holy Spirit, the believers are drawn to Christ. He enlightens the Christian regarding the mystery of Christ to encourage him to bear much fruit. His joint effort with Christ brings the Christian in communion with the Father. The Holy Spirit as the anointing of Christ has Christ Himself as the Author of the anointing. [Jn. 15:8, 16]THE HOLY SPIRIT SANCTIFIES
32. Holiness is received from the Holy Spirit, from He Who is the source of all holiness. Having made God's children holy through His indwelling, it is then safe to say that the Church is also holy because it is composed of holy people.THE LOVE OF GOD
33. Through the Holy Spirit and the cooperative free will of the faithful, his Christian life is morally maintained, ensuring a continuous disposition that makes the believer obedient to the urging of the Spirit of God.
34. God is love. [1 Jn. 4:8, 18] This gift, which embraces all others, is the first love [Rev. 2:4] which God has given to all through the Holy Spirit. [Rom. 5:5] Then, through the power of the Holy Spirit, the Christian receives a new life in Christ, to love as God loved us, this leading to receiving the "first fruits" of His inheritance. [Rom. 8:23; Rom 8:23; 1 Cor. 13.; 2 Cor. 1:21; 1 Jn. 4:11-2]KNOWING GOD
35. "No one comprehends God's thoughts except the Spirit of God." [1 Cor. 2:11] It is the Spirit of truth Who reveals the thoughts of God. [Jn. 16:13] The world does not know Him, nor accept Him, because it does not see Him. Those who believe in Christ know Him because He dwells in them. [Jn. 14:17] Through the Holy Spirit, the sanctified Christian learns to know God as He knows Himself.THE FRUIT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
36. Crafted [attached] onto the vine [Christ], the children of God who live by the Spirit bear the fruit of the Spirit, these being: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. With increased renouncing of the worldly ways, the fruit of the Spirit bears greater fruit. [Mt. 16:24-6; Gal. 5:22-2, 25]THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
37. Church traditions taught three more fruit, those of: generosity, modesty and chastity. By the fruit of His Spirit, the Christian is perfected as the first fruit of eternal glory.
38. The first gift of the Holy Spirit is grace. It leads to the justification and sanctification of the Christian. Through grace, the Christian receives gifts that identify him with the Holy Spirit and His work. These gifts serve the purpose of cooperating in the salvation of others and for the growth of the Church, the Body of Christ. Other gifts are sacramental graces that are associated with the different Sacraments. Then, there are special graces, these also called 'charisms' [meaning 'favour'] for the building of the Church. [1 Cor. 12:]THE GIFT OF CHARISM
39. To some Christians is given the special charism of healing as a manifestation of the power of God. While not all prayers are blessed with a healing, the grace of God is sufficient for the Christian, His power perfecting the soul in weakness. [2 Cor. 12:9; Col. 1:24] The grace of God, that is distributed through the Holy Spirit, firstly serves the purpose of fulfilling God's Will, to sanctify the soul over and above his worldly needs. That is why some prayers are not answered. Sometimes what is asked would not be beneficial to the spiritual growth of the soul.THE FULLNESS OF CHRIST
40. Through the power and the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Christian becomes disposed to Divine inspirations. These gifts that result in the fullness of Christ are wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord. [Ps. 143:10; Is. 11:1-2; Rom. 8:14, 17]THE HOLY SPIRIT HELPS TO PRAY
41. As Master of prayer, the Holy Spirit helps the Christian to pray as he should, He Himself interceding for him. [Rom. 8:26] During prayer, the Holy Spirit is the strength of the heart. [Jn. 4:14]BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE HOLY SPIRIT
42. Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit can lead to unrepentance and eternal loss. Such a sin which can never be forgiven, is a willful refusal of God's mercy, a rejection of the forgiveness of sins, and the salvation which the Holy Spirit offers. [Mt. 12:32; Mk. 3:29, Lk. 12:10]
43. The seven Sacraments of the Church are: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance (also known as Confession or Reconciliation), the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony.LIFE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT
44. The new life of Christ that is offered to the Christian in the Church Sacraments, this being the work of God, bears fruit according to the Holy Spirit. This new life then becomes life in the Holy Spirit. By the grace of the Holy Spirit, the Christian becomes a sharer in the life of Christ, being united in faith and Baptism to the Passion and Resurrection.THE HOLY SPIRIT IN BAPTISM
45. As the Father set His seal on Christ, He seals all Christians through the Holy Spirit. This once in a lifetime seal, the sign of God, is seen at work in the three Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and the Holy Orders. [Jn. 6:27; 2 Cor. 1:22; Eph. 1:13, 4:30]
46. The flood at the time of Noah was symbolic of the Sacrament of Baptism. When the dove returned with an olive-tree branch in its beak, it was a symbol that the earth was now habitable. When Christ was baptised, the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove came down upon Him and remained with Him. Today, the Holy Spirit comes into the hearts of those who are baptised. [Gen. 8:8-12; Mt. 3:16]THE HOLY SPIRIT AT CONFIRMATION
47. Through the power of the Holy Spirit, John the Baptist came, being the promised Elijah who was to come. He prepared the people for the coming of the Lord. [Mt. 17:10-13; Lk 1:17, 78] While John gave the Baptism of water in repentance, he was preparing the way for the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, the purifying fire that sanctifies the new birth. [Jn. 3:5]
48. The believer's life in the new Divine birth is given through Baptism of water. Once baptised by the Spirit of Christ, the believer is also been crucified with Christ, dies through Christ and resurrects in Christ, now having the potential to inherit eternal life in the Kingdom of God. In then he walks with the Spirit of Christ, patiently enduring, while being in this world, but not of this world. [Ex. 17:1-6; Is. 55:1; Zech 14:8; Jn. 4:10-4; 7:48, 19:34; 1 Cor. 10:4; 12:13; 1 Jn. 5:8; Rev. 21:6; 22:17]
49. Being dead to sin through Baptism, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit restores the believer's Divine likeness, forgiving his sins.
50. Through Baptism, Christians confess their faith in Jesus Christ before others. Baptism in faith in the Church progresses from accepting God as the Father, Jesus Christ as the Saviour, to the Holy Spirit as the Sanctifier. [Mt. 10:32; Rom. 10:9]
51. Having been justified through the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, the Christian is provided with the means to reflect the virtues of faith, hope and love. He is given the power to live and act under the urging of the Holy Spirit through the application of His holy gifts. Through these gifts, he grows in goodness through moral virtues. From this is seen that the roots of the Christian life are found in the Sacrament of Baptism.
52. In recognition of Abraham's loyal faith, God promised him descendants, all nations being blessed through him. Through Christ, by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, this promise was fulfilled. By the power of the Holy Spirit, all of God children are gathered as one people. [Gen. 12:3, 18:1-15, 22:17-19; Lk. 1:26-38, 45-55, 73; Jn. 1:12-3, 3:16, 11:52; Rom 4:16-21, 8:32; Gal. 3:14, 6; Eph. 1:13-4]
53. At Confirmation, when the outpouring of the Holy Spirit is received, the Christian perceives a greater understanding of the baptismal grace. He can now call out: "Abba! Father!". He is more firmly associated with Christ. He enjoys new gifts from the Holy Spirit. He is made more perfect in Church fellowship. And he becomes a defender of the faith in words and actions as a sincere witness of Christ. [Rom. 8:15]THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE EUCHARIST
54. As Christ dwelled in the world in physical form, the Holy Spirit dwells today in spiritual form within the members of the Church and consequently within the Church itself. Through His presence in the liturgy, primarily in the Eucharist, He manifests Christ and His work of salvation. [Jn. 14:26]THE HOLY SPIRIT IN PENANCE
55. From the Apostles' Creed, it is learned that faith in the forgiveness of sin is not only faith in the Holy Spirit but also faith in the Church and in the communion of saints. This is confirmed by Jesus breathing the Holy Spirit on the Apostles, giving authority to the Church to forgive or retain sins. [Jn. 20:22-3]THE HOLY SPIRIT DURING THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK
56. Through the anointing of the sick, the healing of the soul, and body, the Christian finds strength, peace and courage to overcome the condition of serious illness or old age. By the grace of the Holy Spirit, the Christian's trust and faith in God is renewed, and strengthened against the temptation of discouragement. If it be the will of God, this Sacrament can lead to the healing of the individual. [Heb. 2:15; Jas. 5:15]THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE HOLY ORDERS
57. Through the grace of the Holy Spirit, some are called to the Holy Orders as Bishop, Priest, Teacher, Pastors and Deacons. Each in their own authority are called to walk the life of Christ, first in love, then in chastity, humility, obedience, servitude and submission, being worthy of their call.THE HOLY SPIRIT IN MATRIMONY
58. Christ, He Who was perfect, paid the price for sinners. At the same time, the members of the Church, including its ministers, are also sinners who are constantly called to do penance and renewal while walking in the holy Church. While living within the Church that has the power to free her children through the blood of Christ and the gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Christians live a life of grace, being sanctified. [Mt. 13:24-30; Heb. 2:17, 7:26; 2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Jn. 1:8-10]
59. In marriage, the Holy Spirit is the One Who seals the marriage vows. He remains present and available as the source of love and strength for the spouses to renew their faithfulness towards each other.
60. Although He is known by many names, the proper name of the One Who we adore and glorify is called the 'Holy Spirit'. [Mt. Jn. 3:5-8]THE SYMBOLS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
61. Other names of the Holy Spirit that are found in the Acts of the Apostles and the Letters of the New Testament are: 'the Spirit of God', 'the Spirit of Christ', 'the Spirit of the Lord', 'the Spirit of the promise', 'the Spirit of adoption', and 'the Spirit of Glory'. [Rom 8:9, 8:14-5, 15:19; Gal. 3:14, 4:6; Eph. 1:13; 1 Cor. 6:11, 7:40; 2 Cor. 3:17; 1 Pet. 4:14]
62. Proclaiming and promising the Holy Spirit, Jesus called Him the 'Paraclete' which means 'He Who is called to one's side'. 'Paraclete' is also translated as the "Consoler" . Jesus was the first Consoler. Jesus also called the Spirit of God the 'Spirit of Truth'. [1 Jn. 2:1]
63. In the manifestations of God which are found throughout the Old Testament, the cloud of the Holy Spirit revealed and concealed the Heavenly Father in its shadows.
64. The cloud and light are two images that manifest the Holy Spirit. The mysterious cloud of the Old Testament reveals itself full of light in the New Testament as the living and saving God. Being a mystery to Moses on Mount Sinai and during the wandering in the desert, the Spirit overshadowed the Virgin Mary so she may conceive and give birth to the Lord Jesus. During the Transfiguration, the Holy Spirit overshadowed Jesus while the Father proclaimed, "This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to Him!" Before the eyes of the disciples, the cloud finally raised Jesus to Heaven on the day of His ascension. [Ex. 24:15-8, 33:9-10, 40:36- 38; 1 Kgs. 8:10-2; Lk 1:35, 9:34-5; 21:27; Acts 1:9; 1 Cor. 10:1-2] The cloud is the Holy Spirit in action.
65. In the Old Testament, we find that God wrote the ten Commandments on stone with His finger. In the New Testament, we learn that Jesus casted out demons by the finger of God. Today, the laws of God are written with the finger of God on human hearts by the power of the Holy Spirit. [Ex. 31:18; Lk. 11:20; 2 Cor. 3:1]
66. Fire represents the purifying and sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit. It is the most expressive image of the Holy Spirit's actions. As such, the Bible teaches, "Do not quench the Spirit." The Spirit of God must be allowed to move freely to do the work of the Lord. [1 Kgs. 18:38-9; Sir. 48:1; Lk. 1:17, 3:16; 12:49; Acts 2:3-4; 1 Thess. 5:19]
67. Through the laying of hands, the Holy Spirit is given. Jesus healed the sick and blessed the children by laying His hands on them. Laying of the hands is a fundamental part of receiving the Holy Spirit. [Mk. 6:5; 8:23; 10:16; 16:18; Acts 5:12; 8:17-9; 13:3; 14:3; 19:6; Heb. 6:2]
68. The symbol of the anointing with oil is associated with the Holy Spirit. Although several persons were anointed with oil in the Old Testament such as King David, this was a reflection of what was to come, Jesus being God's Anointed One, being anointed by the Holy Spirit Himself. The Name "Christ" means the "Anointed" One. [Ex. 30:22-3; 1 Sam. 16:13; Is. 61:1; Lk. 2:11, 26-7; 4:1, 18-9; 6:19; 8:46; Acts 2:36; Rom. 1:4, 8:11; Eph. 4:13; 2 Cor. 1:21; 1 Jn. 2:20, 27]
This ends the course "The Presence And Actions Of The Holy Spirit."
It is hoped that this course has opened your eyes to the presence and actions of the Holy Spirit. The Catholic Doors Ministry offers many other excellent courses that can assist you in your spiritual growth. It is hoped that you will continue your personal studies so you will become a light in the world, shining in the fruit of the Holy Spirit. May the grace of the Lord guide your heart towards Him!
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